The Hassan (the son of their housekeeper). Similarly, this

The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns, are novels written by the same author; Khaled Hosseini. Both set in Kabul, they tell different stories, but have very similar meanings suggested by the comparable themes present. Hosseini has previously stated in an interview, ‘these books are like love letters to my home country; Afghanistan.’ He was born in Kabul in 1965, a time where Afghanistan was a substantial and open-minded place. However, at the age of eleven, Hosseini moved to Paris with his family. This was because his father worked for the Afghan Foreign Ministry. They were due to move back to Afghanistan after four years, but instead migrated to the united states, after news broke out about the Soviet Invasion. This caused Hosseini to become disappointed, therefore he often found himself reminiscing about his homeland and writing about it on paper whenever he had the chance. The majority of the themes he presents in his books give the reader an insight into the third world country and the pressure on its people, this can be seen through the theme of violence and poverty. Conversely, he always embeds the theme of ‘love’ in all his books, perhaps to give a different understanding and in order to portray it in a positive light. He did this through showing the affirmative relationships the characters held, disregarding their social class differences.  This is prominently shown between Amir (the son of a wealthy man) and Hassan (the son of their housekeeper). Similarly, this is also evident in A Thousand Splendid Suns (between mariam and Laila) a book which he has previously stated is ‘influenced by the women in his life’. The majority of the book showcases how harshly women were treated by the men in their life, but Hosseini majorly highlights the extent to how much women struggled in order to protect and extricate each other; again in order to give prominence to ‘love’ which develops.Both novels are written with different narrative styles. A thousand splendid suns is structured in a way where its been told by a omniscient narrator, whereas Hosseini has chosen to narrate the Kite Runner in Amir’s first person voice. The use of different narratives has a greater effect on both the ‘stories’ being addressed. Amir’s first person narrative allows the reader to understand why the protagonist led the life he did as he describes his character build himself (from when he was a young boy in afghanistan to him in the United States). On the other hand, hosseini chose a third person narrative in a thousand splendid suns perhaps to address the social and cultural issues of the time more specifically. Hosseini wanted to build on the character profile of more than one woman  in order to show the significant experiences they both faced. It’s more objective, allowing the reader to perceive and understand in their own way, and creates extensive imagery in the reader’s head. Both narratives focus primarily on how their repressive regimes didn’t let them hold back from seeking affection. The structure of both novels also differs, the kite runner is told through flashback by Amir, perhaps for him to realise how he mistreated the love Hassan provided for him, as he recalls his life events. A Thousand splendid suns, however, is structured consecutively, showing the changing nature of the women at the time.  One Similarity in both novels is the ‘love’ both the protagonists held for their fathers, regardless of clear mistreatment towards them. The repercussion of different events in both Maryam and Amir’s life, is possibly a way of Hosseini signifying the indispensable nature of a father figure in one’s life. Hosseini first presents the theme of love in both  through the relationship of the main characters (Amir and Mariam) with their fathers. Amir holds a relationship with baba filled with perplexity and hesitation. It’s evident that his admiration for his father is not always reciprocated, which causes Amir to become frustrated, further inducing him to act in a cowardly way. This can be confirmed through his dependence on Hassan. In chapter two, Aamir sits outside Baba’s room and contemplates on why he is not allowed to ever join him. A tone of solitary comes across and the reader feels the young boy’s devotion towards his father. Even though Baba loves his son, it’s clear that he is infuriated with the fact that Amir is so dissimilar to the image Baba had wanted him to adhere. This can be shown through his words when he is talking to his best friend Rahim Yar Khan ‘He’s always buried in those books or shuffling around the house like he’s lost in some dream..i wasn’t like that’ the use of the quote portrays a sense of vexation and the tone comes across as bitter. It shows that Baba was frustrated with the fact that Amir didn’t want to do the ‘normal’ things boys his age did. This led to him not supporting passion for writing. Amir feel isolated and jealous of Baba’s constant support towards other children- such as when he visited the orphanage. Amir says, ‘i already hated all the kids he was building the orphanage for; sometimes i wished they died with their parents’. The tone of this language sounds unsympathetic, showing his longing for attention and endearment. Hosseini perhaps puts this narrative viewpoint from Amir at the start of the novel in order to foreshadow the reasoning behind the way his insecurity controlled how he faced other boys and how the absence of a father’s full support in the growth of a young person resulted in self esteem issues. In a thousand splendid suns, Hosseini similarly highlights on how a child shapes into the person they become because of their childhood maltreatment. Even though he indicates Mariam and jalil’s (her father)relationship, he tends to focus more on the bond her and Nana share. Mariam’s parent separated when she was very young and her father only comes to see her once in awhile. She lived with Nana who is from a very different social class to her father (she was his maid and became pregnant with his child therefore had to move into a shack), who is married to two other wives. Nana’s constant use of the word ‘harami’ and ‘bastard’ towards Mariam causes her to resent her and draws her towards Jalil, who only cares for Mariam when he wishes. The rendition of a mother-daughter relationship shown by Hosseini is perhaps done in order to convey how the love and treatment given to young girls, later reflected into their self contentedness and the women they grow up to be living in the society at the time.  Nana’s constant use of the word ‘harami’ causes Mariam to steer towards her selfish father, abandoning her frustrated mother. This leads to her killing herself, which later distressed Mariam immensely. Hosseini introduces a character like Nana’s to show the inequity at the time towards women, and how harshly it affected their well-being. Nana’s mistreatment led her to become impertinent towards Mariam, but Hosseini used language which also showed that she did not always comprehend what she was saying, and it was perhaps the circumstances that women were out into that made them turn uncompromising. Hosseini’s given quotations to Nana and use of language is something he says ‘was influenced by the women in his life’ One quotation which reflected upon Mariam’s wiseness later on in the novel when protecting Laila was something Nana said early on ‘Like a compass needle points north, a man’s accusing finger always finds a woman’ The use of this simile by Hosseini emphasises Nana’s indirect advice to Mariam, showcasing deep down that she still loved her daughter no matter what and her warnings were a sign of preparation for her daughter’s future. Hosseini creates a blunt and demoralized image of Nana, showing that women at the time knew that there was no way out of the gender inequality issues, and they knew their daughters will suffer too. The adjective ‘harami’ is perhaps constantly repeated for her to show her anger at Jalil, rather than Mariam, because even though she is her daughter, she still ‘smells jalil’s blood’. ‘There is only, only one skill a woman like you and me needs in life and that is tahammul’. In the Kite runner, hosseini focuses only on the relationship between one parent, whereas in A Thousand Splendid Suns, Mariam’s relationship has also been shown with the main male figure in her life; her father. In the readers head, Hosseini first portrays Jalil as a male who is different from society, as he showers his daughter with gifts Early on in the novel, the inimitable and brotherly relationship of Amir and Hassan is introduced; two boys who held no relationship of blood and belonged to very different social classes, but presented the theme of love throughout. One quote which set out the overview of their relationship was when Amir describes what Hasan was like when he was reminiscing about his past life in Afghanistan. ‘Sometimes, up in those trees I talked Hassan into firing walnuts with his slingshot at the neighbor’s one-eyed German Shepherd. Hasan never wanted to, but when I asked, really asked, he never denied me.’ This quote foreshadows the rest of the novel, where Hasan always listened to Amir’s demands and helped him out regardless of the consequences he would have to face, even though it was not his fault. The fact that he says ‘really asked’ show that Hasan always needed persuading, but always gave in. Amir says this right at the start of the novel when he is in California. Remembering Hasan in the light of this quote makes his tone come across as nostalgic and perhaps this is when he starts to realise that Hassan was the only one who could ever offerAmir this kind of friendship.  A similar relationship is shown between the female characters in A thousand splendid suns; Mariam and Laila. The novel focuses on the oppressiveness women were put through and how dramatically Afghanistan was changing, resulting in them suffering.Mariam faces a lot of abuse from Rasheed, a widower whom Jalil’s wives have married her to, due to her having miscarriages. Laila, a small girl who lives down the street from them meets Mariam when she is brought back to Rasheed’s household when a rocket hits her house, and when she hears that Tariq (her lover) has been killed, she marries Rasheed as his second wife. Even though both women start of their relationship as one of jealousy and hatred filled, this soon changes as both women come closer after Laila gives birth. Hosseini demonstrates how women begin to understand each other when they are going through relatable experiences; in their case Rasheed’s abusive and derogatory behavior towards them both. Finding comfort in each other creates a mother-daughter kind relationship. ‘Laila crawled to her and again put her head in mariam’s lap, they remembered all the afternoons they spent together braiding each other’s hair …with an expression of a person to whom a unique and coveted privilege has been extended. ‘ Laila’s absence of her mother was filled in by Mariam’s love and sympathy for the young girl. This quote is one of the first affectionate actions from laila towards Mariam after all the ignorance and cold atmosphere Mariam created between the two. A similar primitive relationship is shown between Amir Hassan, in which Hassan continuously acted like the father figure in Amir’s life. ‘Then he would remind us there was a brotherhood between people who fed from the same breasts, we took our first steps on the same lawn in the same yard, and under the same roof we spoke out first words’ This was said by Ali, and later foreshadows the end of the novel as Amir finds out that Hassan was his real brother. Hosseini shows how real blood relationships always are the strongest one can hold and always come through even if not known. The brotherly connection between the two was so profound, that it’s clear to the reader from the start that it may be more than a friendship, even though it hasn’t been stated. Love is inevitably showcased throughout both novels between unexpected relationships too. In a thousand splendid suns, Hosseini has demonstrated finding love in a ‘hopeless place’. The various characters are repudiated by their families and fight through abusive relationships. Although imagery of these disheartening events make the reader feel for the women, Hosseini’s message is clear through the outcomes of how things favoured them. Love proves to be their saving grace. Hosseini first demonstrates the unusual

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