The knowledge that each person possesses is individual and one has complete control of it, yet they have the option share their knowledge or to retain it and to keep it to themselves. Someone might have found a solution to cure cancer or someone might have found the way to end all war. The bearer of this knowledge now has the ethical responsibility to decide to either share their findings or the keep it as personal knowledge. An everyday example of this claim could be found in a classroom. For example, one is in a middle of a test for a certain subject and you know the answers to some of the questions that a classmate cannot answer. He or she turn around to ask for help. Would it be right or wrong for you to help your classmate with a question? Are you responsible for conveying this information to him or her? The two Areas of knowledge which shows the significance of being ethically responsible for the spreading of one’s knowledge to others, those being History and the Natural Sciences. As an advanced human species, we have the ability to learn new principles and test scientific hypotheses in order to prove why certain things work or operate the way they do for example over the span of time and history. Reason is something that we use when we make a decision. Sometimes we make this reasoning instinctively and sometimes we have a reason to backup or explain our claim or action and this can also be sued in relativity to personal and shared knowledge and when it is ethically or morally correct. Albert Einstein, a world famous theoretical physicist who developed the “theory of relativity” which stresses the fact that a great quantity of energy can be released from only a minor quantity of matter 1. This theory was the main influence towards the development of the atomic bomb in the united States, during a project known as “the Manhattan Project” . Einstein had given this knowledge to the americans hoping that it help with the circumstances of the war. His reason was that he did not want the enemy forces building the bomb first 2. Many people think that einstein should have thought more about his responsibility of this very important information. He had thought he was doing the right thing, yet after seeing and hearing about the large amount of loss of human life, he felt regret of sharing his knowledge. This yet again shows the ethical responsibility of sharing the knowledge, but another ways of looking at it would be to consider the effects it has on you as the knowledge bearer.If you were to share your knowledge when it was prohibited too, there is a chance that you might have to deal with the consequences if you would get caught sharing this information. With the possession of knowledge one also has to have the knowledge and the responsibility of doing the right thing of sharing the information or retaining it and keeping it personal. For example when writing a test. Especially at FIS plagiarism is strictly prohibited. If a class was to be writing a test, and you know all of the answers and you see a classmate struggling and he or she is asking you a question, you are in a position where you have to risk getting caught. How would it affect you? At FIS at least, you will get in trouble as will your classmate. But if you wouldn’t help the person, how would that affect you or your classmate? Would you get disliked because you didn’t help them? This leaves you with the responsibility of trying to help the classmate and if it is a friend, would these questions be easier to answer? If your friend was needing help and you could help, would you not? The answer to all of these question depends on one’s morals and ethics. Some might argue that friends are much more important and it is the right thing to. However, others might argue that your own being is more important and that you should prioritise yourself and make sure that you don’t get in trouble and as long as you know the answer, you can answer the question independently. The ethical responsibility of the ownership of knowledge can change a lot of people’s morals and ethics, especially in history. Natural sciences are a wide spectrum of sciences that include Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Psychology and so on. The human species is so developed that it can discover something new about the world that we live in very regularly. Whether this is using machines, or our knowledge. Scientist seek to develop a conclusion as to why some certain statements or theories are true or false. An example could include a scientist discovering a new drug which could cure a deadly disease which the whole world is affected by, for example cancer. One would naturally think that the scientist has the responsibility of sharing this knowledge of this new drug which could be possible to cure this cancer. But considering that there could be side-effect that the drug might have on the people changes this situation dramatically. If this cure were dispersed throughout the whole world there is an unforeseeable chance that this drug could affect millions of people by doing the opposite of what it should do. Instead of healing is causes some type of mutation of the skin. However, how does one know that this is going to happen or not going to happen? This discovery could change everything is it did what it promised, but if it doesn’t, the scientist does not want to be responsible for the ethical burden that has been put on him by hurung millions of affected people. But if the scientist would have shared his knowledge promising it works and the rest of the population did not know about the side-effects,the responsibility of the scientist. Everyone would think that they retain the same knowledge about the cure and that it will cure the disease, but the scientist had full ethical responsibility for having the extra amount of knowledge compared to the rest of the population who believe that there is only good outcomes of this new drug. An example that counts against that claim is if in the case of two people one person knows that it is a bad thing, but does not let the other person know about it. For example if two people go to a shop that sells clothing where the clothes are produced with which most people would see as unethical. One of the friends knows about the unethical production of the clothing company, but the other doesn’t. Is the friends that does not know about the unethicalness of the company still being ethically responsible if he buys the products at the store anyways. If the friend that knows about the origin of the company buys the clothing from the shop, is he being ethically responsible despite him knowing the background information of this shop? People argue if the friend that knows about the origin has to share his knowledge to his friend and other people. The friend has the responsibility of choosing to share the knowledge or to retain it. However, choosing not to share this knowledge with his friend or other people would be ethically irresponsible. In conclusion, possessing knowledge can carry ethical responsibility. This means one has to rely on someone else’s knowledge to either have a positive or a negative impact on the rest of humanity. It is the judgement of the possessor of knowledge as to whether they think that it is right or wrong for other people to know about. This has to do with one’s personal morals, ethics and beliefs. This also includes religion and different cultures where they exercise different beliefs and what is wrong and what is right in their opinions.
August 12, 2019 0 Comments