Rabindranath India, “Jana Gana Mana”, was composed by him.

Rabindranath Tagore was a poet, a philosopher, a novelist,
an educationist, singer and story writer. He is widely known for his role as a
poet and through this; his elusive artistic sense, his acumen, his wide
experience of life and deep understanding of human character as reflected through
his novels and short stories. The unusual beauty of his language and style,
soon viewed him as the greatest poet and writer, not only of Bengal, but of the
whole of India. By combining his imbibing ability to learn easily from others,
with studying the theories of other educationists, it helped him to develop his
own views on the matter of education. His important works are “Geetanjali”, and
the National Anthem of Bangladesh, “Amar Shonar Bangla” and the National Anthem
of India, “Jana Gana Mana”, was composed by him.

The basic principle of Tagore’s Educational Philosophy is
Moral and Spiritual Development. Education should strive for a number of moral
qualities such as tolerance, self-discipline and inner freedom. To achieve
this, the teaching methodology used should be one whereby the teacher/educator
should use ‘teaching by walking’; Tagore believes that when a child is confined
in a room their minds will not be as active in comparison to when they are
walking around and experiencing ideas first-hand. The qualities and work ethic
of a teacher, he believed, was to focus less on book learning and engage more
in conductive environments to undertake knowledge in constructive activities.
According to Tagore, “God reveals himself through nature more effectively than
through man made institutions.  Hence,
the education of the child should be under natural surroundings so that he
develops love for all things around him.”
According to Tagore, “That education is highest which not only imparts
information and knowledge to us, but also promotes love and follow feeling
between us and the living beings of the world.”

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