Try to imagine your world without surrounding hues. It is very difficult. It is very hard to picture our world without different shades. Colors make the world come to life. It gives our surrounding its dynamism. If colors make the world alive, how do we create colors? This is where dyeing comes in. Dyeing is one in all the oldest ways in which we tend to provide colors to boring, bland or blank objects.
The primitive world was more colorful than we could think. According to KeyColour (August 15, 2016) An initial record of fabric dyeing goes back to “BC” epoch. Primarily, dyes were created using natural hues combined with two other liquid which are water and oil. Main functions of dye in the old days were for skin, jewelry and clothing decoration. Another important use for dye back then was for painting.
Nowadays, almost all of clothing produced is dyed synthetically. Synthetic dye, which is produced through chemical methods, is one of the two main types of dyes, the other being natural dye. Sadly, according to Chequer et. al (2013), chemical dyeing causes significant human health issues and environmental hazards.
The re-discovery of natural dyes for staining which is eco-friendly and biodegradable has been carefully considered. Plants yield many colors for dyeing. There are certain trees and herbs especially fruit that produces dyestuff (Sujata and Saxena, 2014).
There have been numerous attempts to use natural process in extracting dye from natural resources. Take this research from hindawi.com as an example. It states “A new source of natural anthocyanins dyes, from lily turfs (liriope platyphylla fruit), is proposed. This paper analyzes the dye extracts, the primary color components of the extracts, the color features etc.”
Another good reference would be a research from the Journal of the Microscopy Society of Thailand, which has their topic as, Extraction of Natural Histological Dye from Black Plum Fruit. What they did was to apply color to animal liver tissue by extracting natural dye from plum. Their research shows how effective natural dye when applied to biological tissues.
From history and these references alone we can claim that the use of fruits as natural dyes is definitely feasible.
The use of natural dyes for staining from alternative sources such as fruits will greatly reduce the cost for consumers for purchasing synthetic dyes. More important, this will lower the effects of synthetic dyes on human and environment.
Objectives of the Study
Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the extraction of natural dye from fruits and how effective it is when applied.
Statement of the Problem
The primary purpose of this research is to anchor on existing studies on fruit extracts as dyes to prove the efficacy of dragon fruit extract. The problems that seeks answers are:
1. How can the dragon fruit dye be described in terms of:
1.2. preparation time;
1.3. ease of use.
2. Is it viable to the consumers?
METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
In this scientific study, the researchers will follow the matrix below in order to test the feasibility of dragon fruit (Hylocereus Undatus) as a source of natural dye.
In the first part of the study, the researchers will extract the pigment of name of fruit using the steps provided in the appendix of this research. For part two of this research, the researchers will then apply the pigment extracted to a cloth. The third step is that researchers will then get a similar cloth and will apply the same color of readily available pigment. In this manner, the researchers will be able to see if there are differences in the researcher-made dye with the readily available dye in terms of the following parameters: (1) color, (2) preparation time and (3) ease of use.