In the novel Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, he uses color symbolism to paint a vivid canvas in the reader’s mind; many different colors are used over and over again for many different characters. These specific colors help the audience get an insight on the characters lives. Each chapter of the novel averaged about 10 references to color. The colors that Fitzgerald chose to repeat were white, yellow and blue. White symbolizes fairness and innocence which he uses to describe Daisy and sometimes used to describe the upper class. “In the room was an enormous couch on which two young women were buoyed…both in white, and their dresses were rippling and fluttering as if they had just been blown back in after a short flight around the house” (Fitzgerald 8), the two young women that are shown are Daisy and Jordan. Their purity and innocence is shown as they lie on the couch as if they were goddesses. Fitzgerald uses another quote to symbolize the same color later in the text, “Daisy and Jordan lay upon an enormous couch, like silver idols weighing down their own white dresses” (Fitzgerald 115). Fitzgerald reuses his expression of the two women on a couch wearing white dresses again to ensure the innocence that was once covered. Fitzgerald creates the purity aspect in Daisy when she met Gatsby years before, “One October day in nineteen-seventeen…She dressed in white, and had a little white roadster…” (Fitzgerald 74) and “His heart beat faster and faster as Daisy’s white face came up to his own. He knew that once he kissed this girl…His mind would never romp again” (Fitzgerald 110). He makes sure that the audience sees Daisy as being pure and full of goodness. Another color that is a factor is the color yellow. Yellow symbolizes corruption and greed; Fitzgerald uses yellow to symbolize Gatsby in many different ways. The title page of the book quotes, “Then wear that gold hat, if that will move her; If you can bounce high, bounce for her too, till she cry ‘Lover, gold-hatted, high-bouncing lover, I must have you!'” This quote indicates somebody using their way of life in order to win a girl over that wouldn’t normally pay attention to, in other words, show yourself off so somebody will pay attention to you. Gatsby does this when he wears a “gold hat” to win Daisy. Gatsby’s car represents his ultimate dreams of being apart of New York’s wealthy society of the upper class, “his station wagon scampered like a brisk yellow bug to meet all trains” (Fitzgerald 39). Later on that car, hit and killed Myrtle Wilson which shows the failure to his overall dream, “it was a yellow car…big yellow car. New” (Fitzgerald 139). This is Gatsby’s car that is described and is at that moment where his dream is no longer achievable and eventually leads to his own death. Before Gatsby was killed by Wilson, he refuses this helpers help, and went into the yellow trees which indicates his death, “he shook his head and in a moment disappeared among the yellowing trees” (Fitzgerald 161). The color yellow is expressing how Gatsby struggles in life and ruins his dream and his life. The last key color that is used is blue; blue is symbolized by romantic fulfilment and escape. Gatsby’s house was surrounded by blue in any scenarios. “In his blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars” (Fitzgerald 39). This is the men and women escaped the party to get away for a bit. Young Gatsby meets Dan Cody in his earlier years, “a few days later he took him to Duluth and bought him a blue coat, a six pairs of white duck trousers, and a yachting cap” (Fitzgerald 100). When Cody buys Gatz the coat, it symbolizes the romantic fulfilment and escape that Gatsby would be achieving. “So when the blue smoke of brittle leaves was in the air and the wind blew the wet laundry stiff on the line I decided to come back home” (Fitzgerald 176). At Gatsby’s funeral, Nick notices the “blue smoke of brittle leaves” and decides to leave New York, he is escaping all the drama and stress that it has caused in the previous three months.
August 27, 2019 0 Comments