If infrastructure forms the backbone of any nation, then

If infrastructure forms the
backbone of any nation, then Civil Engineers can be truly termed as Nation
Builders. Building roads, making new flyovers, constructing dams are some of
important tasks undertaken by Civil Engineers which can be linked directly to
progress of any nation at global arena. With the changing times and new
technologies being introduced in the field of construction, the role of Civil
Engineers has evolved a lot. Today’s Civil Engineers are not only confined to supervisor’s
role but also lays blueprint by using the modern technology & techniques to
make impossible project a reality. Delhi Metro is best example of extreme
engineering and is considered to be one of the finest marvels constructed by
Civil Engineers of India. Who would have imagined that a Mass Public
Transportation System could be constructed in the unplanned locations of Delhi,
where even it is difficult to take a car from one location to another? But with
the use of technology and hard thinking of Civil Engineers, Delhi Metro is
running successfully and the project has truly turned out to be Pride of India.

The scope of Civil Engineering as
a profession has increased manifold as the engineers are now involved from the
first stage of planning of a new project. Besides checking the physical & economic
feasibility of any project, the Civil Engineers are involved in preparing the roadmap
right from finding the suitable land for the project till the completion. The job
opportunities for Civil Engineers can be ascertained by the specialization they
choose.   

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Some of the Specializations or Sub-Disciplines where a
Civil Engineering student can look for career:-  

    1 Coastal
engineering

    2 Construction
engineering

    3 Earthquake
engineering

    4 Environmental
engineering

    5 Forensic
engineering

    6 Geotechnical
engineering

    7 Materials
science and engineering

    8 Outside plant
engineering

    9 Structural engineering

    10 Surveying

    11 Transportation
engineering

    12 Municipal or
urban engineering

    13 Water resources
engineering

 

Job Prospects for Civil Engineers in India by 2022

Smart Cities Mission is an urban
renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with a mission to
develop 100 futuristic cities all over the country making them technology
driven, citizen friendly and sustainable. It is a five-year program, where all
of the Indian states and Union territories are participating except West Bengal
by nominating at least one city for the Smart City challenge. Financial aid
will be given by the central and state government between 2017 – 2022. A total
of ?98,000 crore (US$15 billion) has been approved by the Indian Cabinet for
the development of 100 smart cities and rejuvenation of 500 others.

With Government of India
undertaking new projects like Smart City, building new Airports, Seaports and
Railway Stations along with strengthening the road infrastructure in the entire
country, the demand for Civil Engineers will shoot-up by 20% by 2022. According
to a report of Government of India, it is estimated that more than 1.2 million
jobs would be created by 2022 in the field of Civil Construction. Further the
Government of India’s ambitious plan to provide affordable housing for all will
give a boost to real estate sector and as result an additional demand of 50,000
Civil Engineers would be created in the urban and rural housing sector.

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