Executive however properly deliver the needed facts by the

Executive
Summary

The national power policy 2013 is based on the
strategies by which power sector being supported. Strategies like supply
strategy which explains the means of supply the power, demand strategy tells
the calculation of the demand of power in whole country; like these there are
some strategies: distribution strategies, affordable power strategy and etc.
the main objective of this policy is to increase competitiveness and efficiency
is the cornerstone of the competitiveness, the successful implementation of
this policy will vast improvement in power sector.

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Introduction

Pakistan`s
Ministry of Water and Power has developed an determined power policy which is
destined to meet the recent and imminent power need which are possible in near
as well as in far future. This audacious strategy will lead Pakistan on a
course of swift development both in social and economic sectors. Not only that
this policy will however properly deliver the needed facts by the power sector
to provide the most immediate and economically bearable release for the problem
of power crisis which the country is facing in the recent times.

This
deed frames the energy policy facts and strategies made by the power sector.
Underlining the crucial challenges and settlement of its major goals and
briefly enlightening the principles and also highlighting the main strategic
plans to accomplish the increasing power demand. This deed nor it explains on
the issues adjoining the operational strategy neither it lays out details of
any implementation plans.

Problems

Pakistan
Power sector is presently suffering from a number of problems that have led to
a very crucial crisis the problems are:

A
vast supply and demand gap of the electricity far surpasses the current
generation capacity leading to the gaps of 4500 to 5500 MW. This huge gap
has led to the load shedding of 12 to 16 hours a day across the country.
High
level of dependency on the thermal fuel has lead the country to face very
expensive generation of electricity i.e. RFO and HSD are mixed and are the
biggest source of thermal electricity in Pakistan rated as PRs. 17 per
unit for RFO and PRs. 23 per unit for HSD this has lead Pakistan to the
non-affordable rates for the whole nation and its populace
Poor
infrastructure, mismanagement and electricity theft is resulting in the
loss of almost 25 percent. Cost of delivering the electricity to the end
consumer is estimated at PRs. 14.70 which means that the tax payer has to
pay extra amount of PRs.2.70 per unit above the generation cost of
electricity which is PRs.12. The Ministry of Water and Power have
estimated the total cost of delivering the electricity to the consumer is
PRs.15,60
As
the structure adopted the perspective that NEPRA proposed communication
and dispersal loss of almost 16%, the theft alone is estimated to be
costing the national exchequer over PRs. 140 billion per annum.
The
aforesaid disorganizations and theft, which is accompanied by high cost of
generation electricity are resulting in incapacitating levels of subsidies
and circular debt. The reduction of these losses can us lead to
substantial perfection in the viability of this sector, and could be used
for the improvement and increasing the efficiency of the power system and
its network in whole country.

Solutions

In
order to achieve the long-term goals of the power division and to solve the
problems Pakistan`s Government has been working on following different goals:

To
construct power generation capacities which will be sufficient the
fulfilment of the Pakistan current and future demands of power in a
sustainable and smooth manner.
To
create a culture and environment of responsibility and power conservation
for future generation.
To
make sure the generation of inexpensive and economically affordable
electricity for the domestic commercial and industrial use by using the
indigenous and cheap such as renewable energy resources like hydel wind
and solar.
To
minimizes the loss in the distribution channel.
Promoter
world class efficient and effective distribution lines.
Minimizes
financial corruption across the power system.
To
improve the uncorrupted governance of the power ministry at both federal
and provincial level by aligning the ministry matter of generation and
distribution.

A
crystal clear strategic plan has to be articulated for every previously said
goals in order to achieve the power sector aims.

Conclusion:

Pakistan
is an energy and power deficit country. Demand of electricity increasing day by
day but supply or power generation decreasing accordingly and power generation
resources are shrinking very fast that’s why country rely on costly imported
oil, which increases financial crisis and leads to unavailability of
investments for new power plants or power projects.

Recommendations:

1Pakistan
has set most valuable and important targets with respect to the demand and
supply gap, affordability of electricity, efficiency of the system (both
production and distribution), financial feasibility and ascendancy of the
system. Extent to which policy can accomplish these aims will measure the
success of the policy and the nation’s ability to overcome the key problems
effecting the power sector.

Demand and Supply Gap

It
is recorded 4500-5000MW to 0 till 2025.

Affordability

Decreasing
the generation cost from 12c/unit to 9/unit by 2025.

Efficiency

Decreases
the distribution losses by 25% to 29% by 2025.

Monetary value

Increase
the collection of the bills from 85% to 95% by 2025.

Decision Making

Decrease
the decision making process time which is mainly wasted in the ministry and to
decrease the time frame from long time decision making to short timed and quick
decision making process.

1
National Power policy 2013

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