As the British Standard 8887-220:2010 (15) (Design for Manufacture,

As stated by CECIMO (1), Sustainable Manufacturing is when
engineers use or create processes that are economical for the environment
whilst not producing any hazards that can affect the surrounding environment as
well as the employees/employers. Manufacturing is a process that has an
environmental impact as we use raw materials such as metals that must use a lot
of energy to be produced and shaped. The raw materials produces emissions that
affect the environment and demonstrates that there is only a finite amount of material
that can be used and eventually all of that material could be used up.  Another problem is that producing other
materials such as polymers involves linking hydrocarbons which ends up
producing harmful emissions into the atmosphere therefore continuing to produce
polymers could have potential harmful impacts on the environment as the toxic
fumes can affect the wildlife, vegetation and water supplies. Overall engineers
are currently trying to figure out methods that are capable of being
sustainable so that way we don’t harm the environment, produce large amounts of
carbon emissions, and use up all of our raw materials, .

Standards have now even put in place such as the British
Standard 8887-220:2010 (15) (Design for Manufacture, Assembly, Disassembly, and
End of Life Processing (MADE)) that is designed to show how to be as efficient
as possible during design to its end of life whilst being sustainable. This is
capable of ensuring engineers can produce a product whilst being able to remain
cautious of the environmental hazards that could potentially occur.

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Throughout this report, I will use case studies to analyse
the effect of sustainable manufacture including its advantages /limitations and
produce an evaluation with the use of appropriate standards such as BS
8887-220:2010 (which was previously mentioned), ASTM E2987/E2987M – 16
(Standard Terminology for Sustainable Manufacturing), and ASTM E2986 – 15 (Standard
Guide for Evaluation Aspects of Sustainability of Manufacturing
Processes).  Furthermore I need to identify
the key factors of the case studies and justify why they are appropriate, thus
making me able to make a conclusion on what are the key factors that define
sustainable manufacture. Finally I will talk about possible future methods that
could potentially change how we create new products, as well as how they run
efficiently.

                                                                                                                                      

 

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