An themselves through clothing/appearances. The second article called “Macho

An overview of the second module would include biological sex differences with implications for health, disorders and behaviors that differ at birth or in childhood, and early development- why it matters to health.The first topic, biological sex differences, discusses the biological factors that influence men and women’s health. Types of disorders/behaviors that differ during birth/childhood contain Turner syndrome (female with only one X chromosome), XXX females (normal development, taller than average, may have slight learning difficulties), Klinefelter Syndrome (males with an extra X chromosome), and lastly, XYY males (taller than average, prone to acne but otherwise normal development). Switching gears, early development talks mainly on gender norms and how this can affect children, for example, the clothing that they wear, the toys that they play with, and the picture in their mind about what careers are meant for what gender. All these norms are easily learned by children, considering they have been around most of us since the moment our sex was identified.The first article pertaining to module 2 called “Pink Frilly Dresses and the Avoidance of all things “Girly”: Children’s appearance rigidity and cognitive theories of gender development” concludes that through multiple methods and across studies in a large and diverse sample, the present findings support the view of young children as active self-socializing agents, picking up clues on what gender looks like. Our appearances are a symbolic representation of our self concepts and convey messages to others about how we would like to be perceived, and with this study, findings support the idea that children have this intention/knowledge of how they are representing themselves through clothing/appearances. The second article called “Macho man, little princess: how gender norms can harm kids everywhere” quotes a man named Robert Blum, and he says “When boys and men are taught that girls are weak, sexual objects for the taking, adolescent girls pay a vast price. He goes onto to say they these girls are at a higher risk for HIV, STIs, child marriage, and are far more at risk of gender based violence, concluding that gender norms are affecting kids in all aspects of the world.Analysis:The readings/media illustrate concepts, ides, and insights introduced in the slides by using the article “Macho man, little princess: how gender norms can harm kids everywhere” and explaining the impacts of gender norms of the children in Delhi, Shanghai, and Baltimore. These girls are at higher risk for HIV, STIs, child marriage, gender based violence, while the boys are influenced to be macho (strong) encouraging them to engage in risky behavior like smoking, drinking, and using drugs at an earlier age. In the slides, the discussion of gender norms goes into depth about indirect and direct effects on health. Some indirect effects involve career stereotypes, poor/no health insurance from work, minimal/no time off for maternity leave, sexual assault/harassment, and lack of financial resources. Some direct effects on girls around the world include, child marriage, teen pregnancy, and leaving school early, while boys suffer from increased risk of substance abuse, suicide, and shorter life expectancy. 

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