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: [email protected]

 

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 ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??
?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? . ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???
??? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????
??? ?????? ??? ???? ( ??? ????? ? ???? ??? ???? ) ?? ?? ?????? ????(????????? )
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????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ???? : ???? ?
??????- ???? ? ???? ( ?????? ???? ) – ????? ? ??????? – ?? ? ???

???? ??? ????? – ??????? ? ?????? ( ??? ???? ???? ? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?
????? ) . ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ???
??????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ???? .

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???????? ? ??????? ? ??? ????? ???? ? ?????? ????(????????? )

Study of
strategies for maintaining health in old age from the perspective of Iranian
traditional medicine

 

Abstract

 Over the years, with the advancement of medical science, human beings have achieved success in prolonged life of man. These successes, although improves the lives of human, have a high health relevance in this period due to the prolongation of mid-life and aging and the increased risk of chronic diseases (such as diabetes and high blood pressure) that have high morbidities. The need for prevention of major causes of death such as heart and brain stroke and cancers has doubled. In this study, the method is reviewing the recent articles based on evidence . reference books of traditional medicine in Iran have been reviewed,too . These strategies include following six essential principles of maintaining health in traditional medicine – sleep and awakening – motion and rest (physical activity) – eating and drinking – weather – mental states – vomiting and retention (disposal of waste materials and keeping materials). We hope that this study will be a positive step in learning ways to maintain health in Iranian traditional medicine. Keywords : Iranian traditional medicine,middle age,old age,healthy lifestyle,mortality,morbidity 1 -?????:

 ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????
??? ????? ? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??? . ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????
?? ???? 85 ?? 100 ??? ????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ?? ?????
????? ?????? ??? .??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ( ???? ????????? ) ?
??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ( ?? ????????? ????
) ? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ? ???????? ???? ????? . ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ???
?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????
???? ?? ??????? ???? ? ????? ?? ????? .

 ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??
???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?? : ????? ? ???????? ???? ? ??????? ???? ? ????(
?????? ???? ) ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ? ??? – ??????? ? ?????? ( ??? ???? ????
? ??? ???? ???? ????? )? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????
??? ??? ??? ?????? ( ? ??????? ?? ?????? ) ?? ???????? ? ??????? ??????? ??? .

??? ????? : ???
?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ? ?????
??????????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ? ??? ??? ??? ???? ? ?????
??? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ??????
???? ????? ??? .

2- ??? ???? :

 ?? ??? ??? ???? ? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ? ?? ???
?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???
????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????  ???? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ? ??? ???.(12? 14)
?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ? ???? ??? ???? (15?16 ) ?????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???
??? ? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? .

 ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ???
? ??? ? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ? ??????
???? ? ????? ????? ?????? ????. ( 10?18 )

 ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????
?????? ???? ?? ???? – ? ?? ??? ??? ????? ? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????-  ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ? ?????? ?? ?? ? ??
??? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??? . ???????(????? ) ???????? ( 7?8?22) ? ?????
????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ( 21?13) ???? ? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?????
(23) ?? ?? ???? ???. ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ????
??????? ????? (24)

 ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ? ??? ( ?? ????
??????) ?????? ????? ( ?? ?? ?? 4 ???? ) ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? .
( 9?19?20)

 ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? (11) ? ??? ?????
????? ?????? ??????(25) ??? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????
???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? .

 ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??
????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? . ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?????
??? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??? . ?????
??? ??? ? ????? 6 ??? ????? ( ??? ?????? ) ????? ?? ? ??? ? ???? ????? ???? (
????? ???? ) ?? ???? .

1- ????? ? ??????? :

 ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ? ?? ????? ??
???? ??? (1) . ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ? ?? ???( ???????) ???? (2) ?? ??? ?????
?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ( 5?6) ???? ?????? 6 ???? ?????
??? ?? ???? ? ??? ??? ????? ??? (5)

 ???? ???? ( ?? ?? ??? ????? ) ????? ?? ??? (6)
?? ??? ???? ?? ? ?????? ? ??????? ???? ????? ? ???? ???? ( ????? ??  ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??? ) ?? ????? ????
????? ???? ??? . ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??
????? ?? ????? ? ???? ? ???? ? ????? ???? ???? . ???? ?????? ??? ? ????  ? ??? ? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????
???????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? . ???? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ?????
??? ?? ???? ???? ? ???? ??? ??? ? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? .

 ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ( ????
????? ???? ???? ) ?? ??? ???? ??? . ???? ??? ( ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??
???? ) ???? ???? ? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ??
????? ??? ????? ??? ? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ( ??
????? ?? ) ?????? .

2- ???? ? ?????? :

 
???? 5 ?? 6 ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???
?? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ???
????. ( 2?6 ) ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? .( 5)

3- ???? ??? ????? :

 
????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ? ??? ?? ????? ???? ? ????? ( 3?1) ? ???? ???????
????? ? ????? ? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ( ??? ?? ???? ??????? ) ( 4? 5
)???? ??? . ???? ?? ?????  ? ??? ???
????? ? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?
????? ???? ???? . ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? .

4 – ?? ? ???
:

 
????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?? ? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??? (1?6 ) .
???????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????. ( 16 )

5- ???? ? ???? ( ?????? ???? )

 
?? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??? . ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????
??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ? ???? ????? ????? . ???? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????
?? ??? ???? ????? ( ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? (4) ). ??? ???? ? ??? ????? ??
????????? ? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? . ?? ?????
?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????
????? ??? . ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ? ??? ??? ???? ????? ? ????? ????? ?
????? ( ?? ???? ??? ? ??? ) ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? .

6- ??????? ? ?????? ( ??? ????
???? ? ??? ????? ???? ???? ? ????? )

??? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?
????? ? ??? ?? ????? ??? . ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ? ???? ?? ?
???? ?? ??? ????? ? ??? ? ?? ??? ????? ? ???? ? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??
??? ? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ? ?? ??? ????? ?????
??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????
???? ???? ??? .

3- ????? ???? ? ??? :

 
?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ? ??????? ? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???
????? ?? ????? ?? ???? . ?? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ? ???
?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ? ???????? ????? ????? ??????
?????? . ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???
???? ?? ???? ????? ? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ? ????? ??? ???
.

????????? ????? ????? ?????? ??
??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ? ??
????? ??? ????? ? ????? ? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???????
???? ??? .

?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??? ??? ??
???? ? ???? ????????? ???? ? ???? ????? ????? ???? ? ??? ????? ?? ?? ? ??? ?
??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ? ???? ?? ??? ?????
??????? ??? .

 

4- ????? ? ????? :

1 – ??? ????
. ????? ????? ( ??? 4 ) ??? ?????

2- ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? – ????
?????? ( ??? 12 ? ? ) ????? ??????? ???? – ??? ???

3- ??????? ??? ??????? – ????? ?????????? ( ???
5 ) ????? ???? ?????? – ???? ?????? 95 –??? ???

4- ?????????? ??????? – ??? ?????
( ??? 5 )

5- ??????? ???? ???? . ??? ?????
????? ( ??? 13 ) ????? ???? ?????? – ???????? ?? ???? ????? 1394

6 –
??????????? ???? ????? ?????? – ??? ??? ( ??? 13 ) ????? ???? ????? ??? – ?????
1388

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